The researchers listed one 100 separate incidents alleging or confirming the police’s engagement in serious crimes such as ATM bombings, equipped robberies, house robberies, rapes, murders, and serious approaches. The Institute consulted correspondents and the Independent Problems Directorate (ICD). rajasthan police admit card
‘Not a huge number – said co-author Thuthukani Ndebele – but it gives the of the nature of the crimes as well as indication that there is a likelihood of finding more if we had more resources. ‘
Approximately forty of the listed incidents related to murders. In thirty of these cases a law enforcement issued service weapon was used. The other killers arose from alleged attacks by police officers or torture of suspects in police custody. In more than 10 of the cases the victim was the spouse or spouse of a police expert.
Your research also reports the effectiveness of the accompanying charge laid on the alleged offender. As well as the results are appalling.
In 2008/09, 828 serious assaults were reported to the ICD as having been devoted by police officers. On the other hand, in the same period, only six policemen were successfully prosecuted for such assaults, a figure of 0. 72%.
As explained by the study paper, ‘the police may argue that reports made, and charges laid, in 2008/09 would not necessarily have recently been concluded by the end of that year. Nevertheless, they would have to acknowledge that convictions registered in any particular season would also relate to charges laid in earlier years’.
The particular low dedication figure may suggest a shortcoming of the prosecutorial process when applied to the SAPS members. Certainly not for ICD spokesperson Moses Dlamini anyway, who described it as follows: ‘Of those cases that are substantiated, there are instances where the prosecutors decline to prosecute for various reasons, the total amount of the cases continue trial. Then there may be acquittals and convictions. None of them of the aforesaid factors are taken into thought by the researchers. ‘
‘There were no acquittals for common assault registered in the 2008/09 ICD Annual Report – explained Ndebele – it may have been that other cases were withdrawn or were still ongoing at the time the record was released. ‘
That may be argued at this point, in which extension the ICD really is independent and free from any interference. Likewise if it is not subdued to the SAPS, it remains to be headed by the Police Minister and his deputy. But also on this subject ICD’s position is firm.
‘First, the ICD is 3rd party due to it performing investigations independently from the SAPS – went on Mr Dlamini – in conditions of the existing laws, it has powers to locate, enter premises and catch documents. Second, he gets its mandate to check out from legislation and will not get instructions to investigate or not to investigate from the Ressortchef (umgangssprachlich) of Police. Thirdly, the ICD gets its own budget from the Treasury and is capable to use its own investigators who are not members of the SAPS. ‘
Violence and police violence
Though the central threat that runs through the law enforcement work consists in duplicating with problems through which push should be used, whenever users of the police service use force unlawfully we have a case of police violence.
As evidently explained by David Bruce in his recent works, police violence ‘is generally deliberate illegal violence, but actions which add up to criminally negligent uses of force should also be considered as functions of police brutality’. The term does not fit if the violent work is perpetrated outside of the police occupational role, but both situations may be seen as part of the same problem as ‘that factor which contribute to the one may help the other, members who are vulnerable to the one may be prone to the other’ and both problems have to be worked by police managers as an overall phenomena of ‘police violence’.